For Your Information
Treating the Kidney to cure the Heart

The incidence of chronic kidney and cardiovascular diseases is increasing worldwide.  Since kidney disease is the strongest risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, strategies which are able to reduce kidney disease progression are expected to translate into a decreased incidence of cardiovascular events.

Interaction between Heart Failure, Kidney Failure and Anaemia

Congestive heart failure, chronic kidney disease/insufficiency and anaemia are often present in the same patient.

Smoking and Stroke

 Smoking is a single biggest cause of premature death. The majority of deaths from smoking are due to lung cancer and other chest diseases such as bronchitis and emphysema, but heart disease and stroke contribute to this number.